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张新文,张国磊.环保约谈、环保督查与地方环境治理约束力[J].北京理工大学学报(社会科学版),2019,21(4):39~46 本文二维码信息
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环保约谈、环保督查与地方环境治理约束力
Environmental Protection Interview,Environmental Protection Supervision and the Binding Force of Local Environmental Governance
投稿时间:2018-11-02  
DOI:10.15918/j.jbitss1009-3370.2019.3083
中文关键词:  环保约谈  环保督查  环境治理约束力
English Keywords:environmental talks  environmental supervision  environmental governance binding
基金项目:国家社科基金项目资助"社会质量视角下乡村治理与乡村振兴研究"(18BGL171);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目资助"农村环境治理PPP模式有效性研究"(19YJC630029);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目资助"资源禀赋、联镇包村与基层社会治理差异化研究"(KYCX17_0637)
作者单位E-mail
张新文 南京农业大学 公共管理学院, 江苏 南京 210095  
张国磊 南京农业大学 公共管理学院, 江苏 南京 210095 akzgl@126.com 
摘要点击次数: 46
全文下载次数: 44
中文摘要:
      经济发展与环境保护之间的关系难以调和,致使地方政府环境治理陷入"内卷化"困境。在实行环保垂直管理体制的背景下,环保约谈能够督促地方政府增强环保责任意识,给予污染企业一定的震慑压力,但却存在行政干预的衍生风险、刚性不足而难以落实、运动式治理的短期行为等困境。环保督查能够规避属地管理带来的执法困境,突破地方保护主义的行政干预,但也存在职能的有限性、层级的局限性等问题,难以保证督查到位等实践困境。因此,应促使环保约谈和环保督查有效衔接,在环保约谈中发挥环保督查的刚性约束力实效,在环保督查中加大环保约谈的软约束力的作用,使地方政府回归环境治理的主导者角色。
English Summary:
      The relationship between economic development and environmental protection is difficult to reconcile,causing local government environmental governance to fall into the predicament of "involution." Under the background of implementing the vertical management system for environmental protection,environmental consultation can urge local governments to enhance their awareness of environmental responsibility and give certain threats to polluting enterprises. However,there are derivation risks of administrative intervention,insufficient rigidity and difficulty in implementation,and short-term exercise. Behavior and other dilemmas. Environmental supervision can avoid the law enforcement dilemma brought by territorial management and break through the administrative intervention of local protectionism. However,there are also problems such as limited functions and limitations of levels. It is difficult to guarantee the practical difficulties such as supervision. Therefore,it is necessary to promote the effective connection between environmental protection interviews and environmental supervision,and to exert the rigid binding effectiveness of environmental supervision in environmental consultations,and to increase the role of environmental protection in the environmental protection supervision,so that local governments can return. The dominant role of environmental governance.
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