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赵领娣,徐乐.投入产出视角下工业技术创新的环境规制协同效应[J].北京理工大学学报(社会科学版),2019,21(4):1~12 本文二维码信息
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投入产出视角下工业技术创新的环境规制协同效应
Study on the Synergetic Effect of Environmental Regulation for Industrial Technology Innovation in the Industrial Sectors from Innovation Input-output Perspective
投稿时间:2018-09-18  
DOI:10.15918/j.jbitss1009-3370.2019.2596
中文关键词:  环境规制  技术创新投入  技术创新产出  异质性工业行业
English Keywords:environmental regulation  technological innovation's input  technological innovation's output  heterogeneous industries
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(71473233)
作者单位E-mail
赵领娣 中国海洋大学 经济学院 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院, 山东 青岛 266100  
徐乐 中国海洋大学 经济学院, 山东 青岛 266100 Alisaxu9110@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      技术创新是实现经济发展和环境保护"双重红利"的必要途径。为此,构建环境规制影响工业技术创新投入产出的三阶段分析框架,利用中国2002-2015年大中型工业企业35个分行业面板数据,使用动态面板系统广义矩估计(GMM)方法,在区分行业间污染排放强度波动趋势异质性的条件下实证检验环境规制对工业技术创新投入、产出的非线性影响及分阶段作用机制,找寻工业技术创新的环境规制最优协同区间,进一步引入交互项模型分析环境规制、创新投入、创新产出之间的交互影响与协同效应,以综合探究工业技术创新的环境规制协同机制。研究结果表明:(1)除在污染排放强度为递增样本,环境规制与创新人员、资金投入均呈现"U形"关系;(2)环境规制与创新知识、产品产出均呈现"倒U形"关系;(3)虽然在全样本中存在创新投入产出分阶段协同作用的最优环境规制区间,但中国现阶段环境规制水平还处于各曲线拐点左侧,远低于协同区间水平;(4)在创新技术研发阶段,存在环境规制与创新资金投入的协同效应,在创新技术转化阶段,存在环境规制与创新知识产出的协同效应。目前,中国工业行业整体环境规制水平仍然较低,为实现环境与经济的双赢,应提高环境规制强度,针对不同工业行业制定环境规制滚动修正、动态调整机制,充分发挥环境规制对工业行业技术创新的推动作用。
English Summary:
      Technological innovation is a necessary approach to solve the dilemma between economic development and environmental protection. In order to seek the optimal synergistic region of environmental regulation for industrial technology innovation,this paper took the panel data of 36 industrial sectors of large and medium-sized industrial enterprises in China from 2002 to 2015 as samples,constructed multi-stage analysis framework of environmental regulation on technological innovation's input and output,as well as empirically tested the nonlinear effects and multi-stage mechanisms of environmental regulation on technological innovation's input and output with distinguishing the heterogeneity of the fluctuation trend of pollution emission intensity by system GMM method. Further,it introduced the interaction models to analyze the interaction effects and synergies between environmental regulation,innovation's input and innovation's output,and comprehensively explored the collaborative mechanisms of environmental regulation on industrial technology innovation. The results showed that:(1)In the input stage,there was a"U-shaped",relationship between environmental regulation and technological innovation's input except in the sample of increasing pollution emission intensity;(2) In the output stage,environmental regulation and technological innovation's output showed an"inverted U-shaped" relationship;(3) Although there was an optimal synergetic interval of environmental regulation for collaborative innovation in the total sample,environmental regulation of industrial sectors were staying on the left of inflection point and much lower than the level of optimal synergetic interval;(4)environmental regulation and R&D investment intensity created synergistic effects on technological innovation's knowledge output at the stage of research and development; environmental regulation and technological innovation's knowledge output had synergistic effects on technological innovation's product output in the transformation phase. The overall environmental regulation of China's industries is still at a low level. To achieve a win-win situation for economy and environment,the government should increase the intensity of environmental regulation,establish differentiated and dynamically adjusted environmental regulation policies towards different industries,and promote technological innovation in industrial sectors effectively.
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